Sinusitis appears in the winter, with characteristic symptoms of having a fuzzy head and “blocked” ears. This is often accompanied by a foulsmelling discharge from the nose or pain between the eyes, across the entire face or in the back part of the skull, as well as persistent coughing.
When is it necessary to visit a child otolaryngologist?
When cold-like symptoms persist for more than 5-7 days or patients suffer from high fevers, thick and mucus-like discharges, swelling and pain around the eyes.
When should a child be tested?
In cases where antibiotic treatments do not have the expected results, then the child otolaryngologist will ask you to proceed with a series of blood tests, nasal discharge culture test and in some cases, even an MRI.
Is an imaging diagnosis possible in small children?
It is important that parents know that the cavities of our sinuses are visible after three years of age. This means that X rays are unnecessary before the age of four, because they cannot be of any use in the diagnostic process.
What are some precautions for the protection of children?
They should learn to wash their hands regularly and to cough into their elbow, not their hands. In addition, a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables and cereals, good sleeping habits and regular exercise shield the immune system and protect from viruses and bacteria. Of course a sick child must stay home, not only because there is a risk of getting worse but also of getting other children sick.
What happens when sinusitis persists, despite treatment with antibiotics?
When the inflammation of the sinuses persists despite the appropriate medical treatment and is confirmed with endoscopic and imaging examination, then this is a clear indication for surgical treatment. With the development of technology, surgical treatment for sinusitis is performed without incisions, endoscopically, with the use of a high precision camera featuring state of the art zooming, lighting and navigation features. It is important to note that when the only solution is surgical treatment, parents need to take action in time to prevent complications that may arise in the surrounding organs.
What are the predisposition factors of sinusitis?
There are many reasons that someone may have a predisposition for developing sinusitis, such as a deviated septum, nasal polyps and allergic rhinitis, or inflammation of the surrounding tissue (adenoids, tonsils, etc.). Another important factor is malnutrition.
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